More than Iceland's volcanism

SUBJECT: Iceland's volcano woes could continue for months with crippling effects on Europe as well. Other volcanoes are active worldwide.

By Staff on 18 April 2010 on - 

Image above:Marco Fulle photograph shows the 2008 activity of the rebirth of the infamous Krakatoa volcano which holds a long-standing record for causing the greatest number of human deaths ever. From (  

Major disruptions in air traffic continue as millions of passengers are still stranded throughout the world following the volcano eruption in Iceland's Eyjafjallajokull glacier. Scientists warn the situation could worsen, causing unprecedented travel chaos. European air traffic officials have said that 5,000 flights took off instead of the customary number of 22,000 on Saturday. Large parts of Europe enforced no-fly rulings for a third day on Saturday because of a huge ash cloud from an Icelandic volcano that has caused the worst air travel chaos since the September. 11 attacks. Air India has also announced suspension of all its flights scheduled for today to Europe, the US and Canada following volcanic ash spreading.

Meanwhile the Icelandic volcano that is spewing ash into the air and wreaking the havoc on flights across Europe appears to be easing up but officials say it could still continue to erupt for days or even months to come. Iceland's Meteorological Office has said the cloud of ash above the volcano had shrunk to a height of 5 to 8 kilometres from 6 to 11 kms when it started erupting earlier this week. The office said that the volume of magma under the volcano appeared to be decreasing and that heavy pulsing earlier in the day had steadied and the volcano appeared less volatile.

'There are signs that the pressure is decreasing and that the eruption will be calmer,' said Armann Hoskuldsson, a vulcanologist at the University of Iceland. The eruption is taking place under the Eyjafjallajokull glacier, normally a popular hiking ground about 120 kms southeast of the capital Reykjavik.

However, Bergthora Thorbjarnardottir, a geophysicist at the Meteorological Office, said the steady eruptions did not necessarily mean the volcano was subsiding. 'The eruption could go on like that for a long time,' she said. 'Every volcano is different and we don't have much experience with this one -- it's been 200 years since it erupted last.'

'We have to watch it carefully because they all behave differently. The last time it erupted it was off and on for over a year.' On Saturday the plume from the eruption floated through the upper atmosphere, carrying tiny particles of glass and pulverised rock that could pose dangers for jet engines and airframes.

Video above: "The Rage of Iceland's Volcano". From (

Video above: :"News Update - Volcano in Iceland and China". From (

Here is a list of countries affected as of 1125 GMT ( on Saturday):

AUSTRIA - Airspace closed until at least Saturday 1800 GMT.

BELGIUM - Airspace closed until at least Saturday 1800 GMT, main airline, Brussels Airlines, cancels all flights until Monday.

BELARUS - Airspace closed on Saturday for flights operating between 6,000 metres and 11,000 metres. Some routes east and south open.

BRITAIN - Airspace closed until at least 2400 GMT Saturday.

DENMARK - Airspace closed until at least 2400 GMT Saturday.

ESTONIA - Airspace closed until at least 2400 GMT Saturday.

FINLAND - Airspace closed until at least 1200 GMT Sunday.

FRANCE - Airports around Paris closed until at least 0600 GMT

Monday. A total of 26 airports currently shut, with Bordeaux and Grenoble to close by 1400 GMT Saturday.

GERMANY - German airspace shut until at least 2400 GMT Saturday.

GREECE - Flights to northern Europe cancelled.

HUNGARY - Airspace closed until at least 1700 GMT Saturday. IRELAND - Airspace closed until at least 1700 GMT Saturday.

 ITALY - Northern airspace closed until at least 1800 GMT Saturday.

LUXEMBOURG - Airspace closed until at least 1200 GMT Saturday.

NETHERLANDS - Airspace closed until at least 1200 GMT Saturday.

POLAND - Airspace closed since Friday, partial reopening possible on Sunday.

PORTUGAL- Airports operating for flights to and from everywhere other than northern Europe.

ROMANIA - Northern airspace closed from 0000 GMT Saturday, to close all airspace from 1500 GMT Saturday.

RUSSIA - All airports open.

SLOVAKIA- Airspace closed as of 1300 GMT on Friday.

SPAIN - Madrid airport open, but carrier Iberia cancels all its European flights except those to or from Portugal, southern Italy, Greece and Istanbul in Turkey.

SWEDEN - Airspace closed on Saturday.

 SWITZERLAND - Airspace closed until at least 1800 GMT Saturday, except for aircraft able to fly at altitudes of 36,000 feet (11,000 metres) or higher.

UKRAINE - Kiev airport closed to flights until at least 1200 GMT Saturday. Airports in Lvov, Odessa, Donestsk, Simferopol and Dnepropetrovsk also closed for an unspecified period.

Video above: : "Hawaii Before and After the Vog". From (

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